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Hanns Eisler: A Chronology.

 
1898 July 6: HE born in Leipzig, third child of the Austrian philosopher Rudolf Eisler (1873-1926) and Marie Ida Eisler (née Fischer, 1875-1929).  
1901  The Eisler family move to Vienna.  
1909 First attempt at composition.  
1916-1918 takes part in WWI in a Hungarian regiment.  
1917   earliest extant fragment: »Dumpfe Trommel und berauschtes Gong«.
1918   Die Mausefalle; Von der Armut und vom Tode.
1919 enrolls at the New Vienna Conservatory under Karl Weigl; 
Autumn: starts private tutoring with Arnold Schönberg in Mödling near Vienna (until 1923).
 
1920 Conductor of  the choir "Strahklang" of the workers at the Siemens-Schckert Works; 
marries Charlotte Demant; 
Proofreader for Universal Edition (Vienna); 
accompanies Schönberg on a trip to Holland (returns March 1921).
 
1921 teaches at the "Verein für volkstümliche Musikerziehung;" 
Conductor of the workers' chorus "Karl Liebknecht".
 
1922 takes lessons from Anton Webern. Six Songs for voice and piano op.2.
1923 First performance of op.1 in Prague (April 10). Sonata for piano op.1.; Composition of Piano Pieces op. 3; Divertimento for wind quintet op. 4
1924   Palmström op. 5; Sonata No. 2 for piano op. 6; Duo for violin and cello op. 7.
1925 April: awarded the Artist Prize of Vienna; 
First performance of op. 2 at the Chamber Festival in Donaueschingen (July); 
First performance of op. 7 at the Music Festival of International Society for New Music (IGNM) in Venice (September 4); 
September: moves to Berlin (teaches at the Klindworth-Schwarwenka Conservoatory).
Piano Pieces op. 8; Three Male Choruses op. 10.
1926 Application  for membership of the KPD; 
March: Quarrel with Schönberg; 
September- November: trip to Vienna and Paris.
Tagebuch des Hanns Eisler op. 9; Zeitungsausschnitte for voice and piano op. 11.
1927 becomes music critic for Die Rote Fahne (first article appears on March 22); 
First performance of op. 9 and Opus III at the German Chamber Music Festival in Baden-Baden (July); 
November: starts collaboration with the Agitprop group "Das Rote Sprachrohr;" 
First performance of op. 11 in Berlin (November);.
Work on the opera Moritz Meyer oder 150 Mark (lib. David Weber) op. 18 (fragment); film Opus III (dir. Walter Ruttman); 
theatre music for Heimweh (dir. Leonard Steckel).
1928 April 10: Birth of son Georg; 
Friendship with Erwin Piscator and Bertolt Brecht; 
Premiere of Kalkutta, 4. Mai (June 12); 
Lectures at the Marxist School for Workers (MASCH).
"Wir sind das Rote Sprachrohr"; theatre music for Kalkutta, 4. Mai (by Lion Feuchtwanger) including the song "Ballade vom Soldaten" (text by Brecht); Four Pieces for Mixed Chorus op. 13; Two Pieces for male chorus op. 14; "Auf den Straßen zu singen" op. 15.
1929 First performance of  opp. 13 and 14 (January); 
Great success of Musik für Arbeiter at IGNM concert in Berlin (June); 
First performance of op. 16 in Baden-Baden (July); Friendship with Ernst Busch; 
Premiere of Der Kaufmann von Berlin at the Piscatorbühne (September 6); 
Work on Werner Finck's cabaret Die Katakombe
Songs first recorded (November).
"Komintern"; Two Male Choruses op. 17; radio cantata Tempo der Zeit op. 16; Musik für Arbeiter; music for Der Kaufmann von Berlin (by Walter Mehring); "Ballade zum § 218" (Six Ballads op. 18); Two Pieces for male chorus op. 19; "Stempellied"; "Ballade von den Baumwollpflückern" (Four Ballads for Bariton and orchestra op. 22); "Der rote Wedding"; "Lied der Bergarbeiter."
1930 May: Open letter with Brecht in protest of the banning of Die Maßnahme by the Berlin New Music Festival; 
November: first trip to the USSR; 
Premiere of Die Maßnahme in Berlin (December 13).
Die Maßnahme op. 20; Two Pieces for mixed chorus op. 21; "Ballade von der Krüppelgarde" and "Ballade vom Nigger Jim" (op. 18); Suite No. 1 for orchestra op. 23 (from Opus III).
1931 June- July: trip to Moscow; 
August: the shooting of Kuhle Wampe starts; 
October: Leader of the workers' study group "On Dialektischen Materialism and Music"; 
First showing of Niemandsland (December 9).
Film Niemandsland (dir. Viktor Trivas); Suite No. 2 for orchestra op. 24 (from Niemandsland);"Bankenlied"; Die Mutter (by Brecht); film Kuhle Wampe (dir. Ernst Ottwalt, Slatan Dudov and Brecht) including "Solidaritätslied"; Collaboration on revue Wir sind ja sooo zufrieden; "Das Lied vom SA-Mann" (op. 41); Seven Ballads from the Lehrstück Die Mutter op. 25.
1932 First public performance of Die Mutter (January 17) in Berlin; 
May: trip to the USSR for work on Die Jugend hat das Wort; 
First showing of Kuhle Wampe after protest against censorship in Berlin (May 30); 
September-October: trip to Moscow; chosen as committee member for the International Music Bureau (IMB)
Music for Kamrad Kasper; Pesn o Gerojach (Die Jugend hat das Wort; dir Joris Ivens) Suite No. 3 for orchestra op. 26 (from Kuhle Wampe); Kleine Sinfonie op. 29; Suite No. 4 for orchestra op. 30 (from Die Jugend hat das Wort); Piano Pieces for Children op. 31; Seven Piano Pieces op. 32; "O Fallada, da du hangest"; Four Lullabies for Proletarian Mothers op. 33. 
1933 January- March: Concerts in Vienna (among them: "Das Lide vom Kampf," cond. by Anton Webern); 
Beginning of exile; 
April: recording with Busch in Holland.
Film Dans les Rues (dir. Trivas); film Nieuwe Gronden (Neue Erde; dir. Ivens); "Das Lied vom Anstreicher Hitler" (op. 41); film Le grand Jeu (dir. Jacques Feyder); "Ballade vom Baum und den Ästen" (op. 41); "Das Lied vom Klassenfeind" (op. 41); Suite No. 5 for orchestra op. 34 (from Dans les Rues); Suite No. 6 for orchestra op. 40 (from Le grand Jeu).
1934 February-March: With Brecht in Svendborg, Denmark; 
April: Lieder Gedichte Chöre published in Paris (including Four Ballads op. 41); 
July-August: travel to Svendborg. 
September-December: in London (Brecht joins in October).
"Die Ballade von der Billigung der Welt"; music for Die Rundköpfe und die Spitzköpfe (by Brecht) op. 45; Sonatine op. 44; Präludium und Fuge über B-A-C-H for string trio op. 46; radio story Kalifornische Ballade (by Ottwalt) op. 47; "Das Saarlied"; "Keiner oder Alle"; "Einheitsfrontlied"; film Abdul Hamid (dir. Karl Grune).
1935 February-May: concert and lecture tour in the US; 
First performance of op. 29 in London cond. by Ernest Ansermet (April 12); 
June: Organizer of the first Workers' Music and Song Olympiad in Strasbourg which includes the performance of "Einheitsfrontlied" with Busch; 
July: in Moscow; elected president of the IMB; in hospital; 
August: in Svendborg; dispute over the music for Die Horatier und die Kuriatier with Brecht; 
September: attends the XIII. Festival of IGNM in Prague; 
October: in New York; teaches courses "Musical Composition" and "The Crisis of Modern Music" at the New School of Social Research; attends rehearsals for Die Mutter by the Theatre Union with Brecht (opens November 19).
"Die Moorsoldaten"; Deutsche Symphonie op. 50 (finished 1958); "Hammer und Sichel"; "Resolution"; Sonata for flute, oboe und harp op. 49; Lenin-Requiem (finished 1937) ;
1936 April: returns in London; XIV. IGNM-Festival in Barcelona; 
Premiere of Rundköpfe and Spitzköpfe in Copenhagen (November 4); 
November: concert and lecture in Amsterdam.
Gegen den Krieg op. 51; film I Pagliacci (dir. Grune); 
1937 January: in Paris and then in Madrid to join the XI. International Brigade; 
February-Summer: in Svendborg; 
October: collaborates with Ernst Bloch in the Expressionism legacy debate; 
December: marries Louise (née von Gosztonyi).
Two Elegies; Two Sonette for alto, clarinette and bassclarinette; Five Songs for Children, "Bettellied"; Die Gottseibeiuns-Kantate; "Ulm 1592"; Die Weißbrot-Kantate; Die römische Kantate; Man lebt vom einen Tage zu dem andern; Kriegskantate; Nein; Die den Mund aufhatten; Kantate auf den Tod eines Genossen; Die Zuchthuas-Kantate; Goliath (opera project); Sonata for violin and piano ("Reisensonate")
1938 January: moves to New York; teaches at the New School of Social Research. Kantate zu Herrn Meiers erstem Geburtstag; String Quartet; film The 400 Million (dir. Ivens; Five Orchestral Pieces, Theme with Variations, and Scherzo with solo violin derived from this project).
1939 April: deported by the US States Department and arrives in Mexico; 
May: teaches at the National Conservatory in Mexico City; 
September: returns in the US.
puppet film Pete Roleum and His Cousins (dir. Joseph Losey); "Elegies 1939"; "Spruch 1939"; Nonett No. 1.
1940 February: Stipendium from the Rockefeller Foundation for the film music project; 
July: The US immigration authorities issues a warrant of arrest against HE; 
October: hearings on the extension of his visa.
Stage play Medicine Show (by Oscar Saul and H. R. Hays); documentary film A Child Went Forth (dir. Losey); Suite for septet No. 1 op. 92a and Suite for string orchestra and winds op. 92b (from A Child Went Forth); documentary film White Flood (dir. Osgood Field); Kammer Symphonie op. 69 (from White Flood); film The Forgotten Village (dir. Herbert Kline).
1941 moves in Woodbury, Connecticut. Notett No. 2 (from The Forgotten Village); Variations for piano; Woodbury-Liederbüchlein; documentary film Regen (dir. Ivens; Vierzehn Arten den Regen zu bechreiben op. 70 for the film music project); 
1942 April: moves to Hollywood; teaches at the University of Southern California; 
October: film music porject finished.
Hollywooder Liederbuch (continues into 1943); film Hangmen Also Die (dir. Fritz Lang) including "Das Lidice-Lied".
1943 moves to Pacific Palisades.  Anakreontische Fragmente; Die Gesichte der Simone Machard (by Lion Feuchtwanger and Brecht; finsishes in 1955); Hölderlin-Fragmente; Sonata No. 3 for piano; Schweyk im zweiten Weltkrieg (by Brecht; finishes in 1959).
1944 March: nominated for the Academy Awards for Hangmen Also Die
September: Composing for the Films co-authored with Theodor W. Adorno finished.
Film None But the Lonely Heart (dir. Clifford Odets).
1945 June: in New York for a production of Furcht und Elend des dritten Reiches. Furcht und Elend des dritten Reiches (by Brecht); film Deadline at Dawn (dir. Harold Clurman).
1946   3 Fugues for piano; Glückliche Fahrt; film The Woman on the Beach (dir. Jean Renoir).
1947 May 11: Hearing of the House Un-American Activities Subcommittee in Hollywood; 
Premiere of Galileo at the Coronet Theatre in Beverly Hills (July 31); 
Autumn: Composing for the Films published by Oxford University Press in New York; 
September 24-26: Hearing of the House Un-American Activities Committee in Washington
October: Hanns Eisler Defence Committee formed; 
December: Solidarity concert for HE in Los Angeles; petition to the US Attorney General.
Film So Well Remembered (dir. Edward Dmytryk); The Circus (dir. Charles Chaplin); Septett No. 2 (from The Circus); Galileo (by Brecht).
1948 February 28: Farewell concert held in New York; 
March 26: Flies to London; then to Prague and Vienna; 
May: attends the Second International Congress of Composers and Music Critics in Prague; 
August: Vienna: attends World Congress for Peace in Wroclaw; 
October: in Berlin.
Film Krizova Trojka (dir. Vaclav Gajer, Circle Three); Höllenangst (by Johan Nepomuk Nestroy); Overture zu einem Lustpiel (from Höllenangst).
1949 June: moves to Berlin; 
July: Committee for the founding of  the Akademie der Künste (AdK); 
October: attending the celebration of the 200th birthday of Goethe in Warsaw; Nationalhymne first performed at the birthhouse of Chopin.
"Lied der Werktätigen"; "Lied über den Frieden"; Rhapsody for large orchestra; film Unser täglich Brot (dir. Slatan Dudov); Berliner Suite (fragment, from Unser täglich Brot); film Der Rat der Götter (dir. Kurt Maetzig); Nationalhymne der DDR.
1950 March: member of the Akademie der Künste; 
May: becomes Professor of Composition at the Staatlichen Konservatorium Berlin; 
First performance of Neue deutsche Volkslieder (May 22); 
October: holds master classes at the Akademie der Künste; awarded Nationalpreis I. Klasse; 
November: in Leipzig on the occasion of the 200th anniverary of  J. S. Bach's death.
Neue deutsche Volkslieder; Mitte des Jahrhunderts; Kinderliederbuch (fragment). 
1951 Begins work on Johann Faustus Das Vorbild.
1952 Publication of the libretto to Johann Faustus. film Frauenschicksale (dir. Dudov).
1953 Premiere of Eulenspiegel in Vienna (April 1); 
May: Faustus Discussion of the "Mittwoch-Gesellschaft" of the AdK; premiere of Katzgraben by the Berliner Ensemble (May 23); 
July: temporarily moves to Vienna; 
Premiere of Volpone in Vienna (September 2); 
October: letter to the Central Committee of the SED regarding the Faustus Discussion; 
Premiere of Lysistrata in Vienna (November 27).
Katzgraben (by Erwin Strittmatter); Eulenspiegel oder Schabernack über Schabernack (by Nestroy); film Fidelio (dir. Walter Felsenstein; script by Felsenstein and HE); Volpone (by Ben Jonson); Lysistrata (Aristophanes); film Schicksal am Lenkrad (dir. Aldo Vergano).
1954 February: return to Berlin; 
Lieder und Kantaten Volume 1 published in Leipzig; 
Premiere of Hamlet (dir. Wolfgang Heinz) in Vienna (September 9); 
December: lecture "Schönberg und sein Werk" at the AdK.
"Von der Freundlichkeit der Welt"; Sieben Lieder über die Liebe; film Gaspoarone (script HE and Karl Paryla, operreta after Karl Millöcker); Hamlet (by Shakespeare); Winterschlacht (by Johannes R. Becher).
1955 Premiere of Theatreg'schichten in Berlin (March 2); 
March 15: divorce with Louise Eisler; 
August-mid-October: in Vienna.
Theatreg'schichten (by Nestroy); Improvisation for piano; "Im Blumengarten"; "Die hatbare Graugans"; film Herr Puntila und sein Knecht Matti (dir Alberto Cavalcanti); film Bel Ami (dir. Louis Daquin); documentary film Nuit et Brouillard (dir.  Alain Resmais).
1956  Awarded "Jean Vigo Prize" for the music to Nuit et Brouillard
April: attends "Jazz- ja oder nein" Forum. 
December: Eisler-Concert at the AdK. 
Die erste Reiterarmee (by Wsewolod Wischnewski); Neue Lieder 1955-1956 (dinished in 1956); Der Held der westlichen Welt (by J. M. Synge, The Playboy of the Western World); Die Tage der Kommune (by Brecht); "Zu Brechts Tod" (Bilder aus der Kriegsfibel).
1957 Premiere of Schweyk im zweiten Weltkrieg in Warsaw (January 17); 
Premiere of Die Gesichte der Simone Machard in Frankfurt am Main (March 8); 
June: HE conducts at the concert in celebration of the 75th birthday of Igor Stravinsky at the AdK.
Film Die Hexen von Salem (dir. Raymond Rouleau, Les Sorciéres de Salem); Die Teppichweber von Kujan-Bulak; Legende von der Entstehung des Buches Taoteking auf dem Weg des Laotse in die Emigration; Bilder aus der Kriegfibel; Sturm (by Vladimir N. Bill-Belozerkovski), "Sputnik". 
1958 January: beginning of conversations with Nathan Notowicz; 
April: beginning of conversations with Hans Bunge; 
June 26: marries Stephanie Zucker-Schilling; 
October: Nationalpreis I. Klasse; 
First performance of Lenin-Requiem (November 22).
film Geschwader Fledermaus (dir. Erich Engel); Schwitzbad (by Vladimir Majakovski, The Bathhouse).
1959 First performance of Deutsche Symphonie in Berlin (April 24). "Der Graben"; "Das alte Vertiko"; Neun Lieder nach K. Tucholsky; film Trübe Wasser (dir. Louis Daquin).
1960 February: first heart attack. "Die Nachfolgerin".
1961   Documentary film Aktion J. (dir. Walter Heynowksi).
1962 Performance of Wilhelm Tell (dir. Wolfgang Langhoff) in Berlin (March 10); 
May: elected president of the Music Advisory Committee of the DDR; 
September  6: HE dies in Berlin; 
September 12: memorial service at the Deutsche Staatsoper and buried at the Dorotheenstädtischer Friedhof.
Wilhelm Tell (by Friedrich Schiller); television film Esther (dir. Robert Trösch); Ernste Gesänge.
1963 July: Hanns-Eisler-Archiv established at the AdK; 
First performance of Ernste Gesänge in Dresden (September 6). 
 
1964 Hochschule für Musik Berlin renamed Hochschule für Musik Hanns-Eisler.  
1968 Gesammelte Werke starts to appear.  
Chronology of Writings and Bibliography
RETURN/ZURÜCK

Ensemble/hechronik.html   18 April 1998